The cities of western Roman Empire have suffered from a lot of conquests, plagues and financial problems from fifth century to the year of 1000. As a result of these issues, the population had been decreased day by day so as well as the international trade had been declined too. Because of the feudal political system divided the whole society into three groups. The ones who fought, the ones who prayed and the one who were working as slaves.
As the years passed, the new feeling of cultural and economic acceptance promoted the journeys of pilgrims of Christianity. They had journeys from England, Germany and France to either Jerusalem, Rome, or Santlago de Compostela, Spain. The huge churches, hospitals, monasteries and castles built all over the Europe. This has began after the millennium represented an optimistic architectural expression of a progressive social order.
All along the period of Charlemagne, the Franks merged together the regions of France, Germany, Switzerland, Czechoslovakia and Austria. Charlemagne’s short winded vision of Renovatio Romanae Imperii, the reawaking of the unity and greatness of Roman Empire of Constantine, affected fervent several decades of architectural patronage. Apart from various royal palaces built for his itinerant court, he promoted for the constuctio of many cathedrals and very huge number of monasteries, Similar to the rulers of outhwest Asia called Khamer, Charlemagne trusted on the support of the monastic settlements to promote the regime of him. With this way, he encouraged the religious orders, and by the eleventh century the network of Benedictine monasteries, developing under the authority of the Abbey of cluny. It played the deciding role in hole European politics.
Charlemagne’s palace and chapel was a key project for his most known efforts to reawake the Roman Empire. It is located in Aix la Chapelle and now it is know as Aachen.