Islamic Realms in Central Asia

After the ninth century, the traditions of religion of Persian culture portraits were created in various political contexts. Timur, who is the first champion and who increased the success of Khans, tried to establish a brand new capital city in Samarkand in a Persian style with the help of a Persian architect. At the end of the eigthteenth century, Shah Abbas, where the traditions of the Safavids took the majority of the Pers, began to make the capital Isfahan an enormous gardens town. Timur, who established the Indian sovereignty, was trying to use the outline and the language while trying to adjust the qualities of the Indian order.

The Persian Renaissance

They were supporting the monuments of Persian traditions which are lasted for a long time. As well as the  Norman kings in the medieval Sicily, these nomadic rulers relied on local craftsmans for their art and architecture. The Seljuks, strengthen  the tradiitons of local building with the new technique, included demands for more open air public spaces and more significant tomb monuments. Their courts which are iwan styled and large and huge domes, later provided a model for nomadic conquerors.Timur, started to build big cities,in Masonry buildings with the body parts of the victims which are killed. The ancient city of Samarkand became the model of capitals. Like Khans, he preferred to live in a portable dwelling in a park outside the city.

Catholic Europe

Although, Spain and France were the sovereign power in Europe, Italy were the one of the most significant place where architectural models came from. Protestants and the nation had a great fight between the divided Catholics. In Spain they were known as the most Catholic nation in the world. The northern Europe was protestant too. However, the southern Europe was catholic. As well as his father Charles 5, Philip 2 supported the sixteenth century’s Rome classical architectural style. His biggest and the greatest monument was monastery of San Lorenzo in Escorial.

Habsburg Spain

In an age of character with theatricality and decorative extremism, a very difficult opposition was offered. Phillip II, like his father, chose the classical style of Rome at the beginning of the sixteenth century and ordered the translation of the thesis of Sebastiano Serlio in Spanish. San Lorenzo monastery has developed the largest architectural project.


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