This semester, our site has defined as Eskişehir, Tepebaşı (Fabrikalar Bölgesi). Before starting the project, we were expected to analyse the certain qualities of the site to discover and to introduce a response to the site with our project, mainly “Factory as a Generator of Learning”. Here you can find the demographic facts and the user profile of the Eskişehir.
For the revision, I came up with a new idea but with the same confrontations. This time I used masses instead of spaces. The brown cardboard divides design into two ( Wall House 2). In one of the side there are couple of masses, however in the other side there is just only monolithic mass. In multi mass side, I also used two dimensional flat surfaces too. The yellow parts are showing the temporal spaces that are created by the confrontation of the spaces. Some of the masses are floated as well as in the case studies that I have.
For this week of the course, we were assigned to produce a collage of the case studies of the given house list to us. However the tricky part was that we were also given two keyword phrases for a initiator point.
Initially I started with analyzing my keywords;
Spread confrontation: for confrontation there should be at least two contrary things. clashing of two confronted things.
Temporal space: temporal is something related with a particular time.
- Le Corbusier, Villa Savoye / Poissy, France, 1929
- Adalberto Libera, Villa Malaparte / Naples, Italy, 1938
- Richard Meier, Saltzman House / Long Island, 1969
- Kazuyo Sejima, Ryue Nishizawa & Associates / SANAA, Moriyama Apartments / Japan, 2005
- Erkut Şahinbaş, Atrium Evi, Muğla, 2014
- Rem Koolhaas / OMA, Villa Dall’Ava / France, 1991
- Shigeru Ban Glass Shutter House / Japan, 2003
- John Hejduk, Wall House 2 / Netherlands, 2001
- Can Çinici, Microloft I Yarasa, İstanbul, 2013
So then on, I did a detailed research about the houses and the case studies. According to those case studies that I have, I searched them according the confronted ones. In other words, I tried to group them according to the contrasting ones.
- The Wall House by John Hejduk, the whole composition was divided and disconnected by an enormous wall. With this way architect differentiated the spaces according to their functions. Villa Savoye by Le Corbusier, the private spaces were situated around the communal, outdoor terraced that is separated from the living area by a sliding glass window.
- Villa malaperte by Adalberto Libera, the geometry of the design itself generated a foreign language than its environment. Villa Dall’ava by Rem Koolhaas, the whole composition is influenced by its site.
- Saltzman House by Richard Meier, it is designed as monolithic mass.Moriyama Apartments by Kazuyo Sejima, Ryue Nishizawa & Associates, the composition is consisted of 10 different independent volumes.
- Wall House 2, design is focused on both flat 2 dimensional and pure volumes. (this one creates a confrontation in itself.)
These were some of the confronted things that I could find. Here is my collage below;
These are the 3D collages that I have produced;
In this one I designed different geometrical formed spaces to confront each other (Villa Malaparte and its environment). In the confronted parts, the spaces are reacting each other and changes its form (black parts are the ones reacted). Also I lifted up some of the spaces to interrupt the relation with their environment (as like Villa Savoye, Wall House 2 and Saltzman House) and I tried to show them as free standing masses.
This is the first revised one that I have produced. With the black frames I tried to design open spaced such as Villa Savoye’s terrace. Then I designed more enclosed spaces opening to the black one as private spaces. In this time, I have designed temporal spaces where two spaces are confronted. With the grey material I produced those temporal spaces which are again in a different geometrical form. Also those are creating a central axis in the design similarly to Wall House 2 has.
The idea of renaissance in Italy had a lot of influences of ancient Rome. The renaissance Italy inspired the priest in ancient Rome. They have adopted a brand new style based on symmetry, great proportions and classical columns. It features the use of classical motifs and the architectural orders such as columns styles of antiquity.
In 15th century, Italy inspired by the poets and thinkers such as Dante,Boccaccio, Petrarch. So that humanism started to spread all around the Italy as well as the arts and architecture. The designers and architects of the Florence discovered a brand new principles of design instead of copying antiquity. They kept chasing after new harmonious proportions of classical orders. The architecture and most of the structures influenced by humanism. It gave them a more uniform scale and geometric basis. Rulers and also governors realized the importance of relation between architecture and urban planning to promoting notions of an ordered society.
Flippo Brunelleschi was an architect who is known with his new invention of unique Italian renaissance. He used Corinthian half columns. This shows that the architect is very familiar with the ancient monuments. He used both Gothic structural elements and Roman techniques. One of his great example of this is Dome of Florence. This huge dome became a symbol of not only Renaissance Florence but also of structural and engineering skills. When this dome built in 15th century, it was the largest one have been built in antiquity.
Renaissance style places and buildings mostly emphasizes the symmetry, proportion, geometry, regularity of parts as they re demonstrated in the architecture of classical antiquity and in particular ancient Roman architecture of which many examples have been remained. They inspired by the Romans’ architectural style such a by using orderly arrangements of columns, pilasters and lintels as well as the use of semicircular arches. Hemispherical domes and niches replaced the more complex proportional systems.
Plans of the renaissance buildings in Italy mostly settled in a square and symmetrical appearance in which proportions are mostly based on module. Santa Maria del Fiore is one of the most significant example of this planning. As can be seen in the Palladian Villas, the facades of the renaissance architecture buildings were symmetric around their vertical axis.In columns and in pilasters, they mostly again used Roman orders of columns such as Tuscan, Doric, Ionic, Corinthian and etc. Domes were used frequently and was a vey large structural feature that is visible from the exterior.