For this semester, we have visited Tuz Gölü and then Göreme sites for our new project. In Tuz Gölü we have produced a lot of maps by analyzing certain qualities and according to our experiences. On the other hand, in Göreme we were expected to produce some sketches and diagrams again according to our experiences and this time we focused on the architectural elements and their usage. The reason of this work is that we were expected to graft certain features of Göreme onto Tuz Gölü.
According to my analysis from Tuz Gölü, I have realized that the visitors were tended to go through the Josephin which is the line that sky and the ground intersects. So that, people were tended reach that vast area. The other thing that I have realized is that in the evenings, people were directed towards to sun set. So, I took these two features as references for my design. I have tried to produce two main spaces that carries different vista conditions. To connect them, I created a bridge-like path. This bridge-like path was connecting the spaces that has two totally different vistas. And the sides of this path were not transparent because I wanted to create a dramatic transition between those two different vistas. It was only open from the top that again creates a different vista which is the sky. People who visits here were directed by the effects of these two references and they were tended to reach the vista. I tried to produce different kinds of openings and spaces while considering the experiences of humans. The sizes of these two main spaces were different than each other. The sizes were changing due to the vista conditions and human scale was affecting it.
As far as I have understood from the critiques of the jury members, the liked the scenario of my design. However, it was not working well how it should have been. They found some parts that were designed well. For instance, there were main two axes in my design that represents the Josephine and sun set directions. Because, the two axis were not working in a contrast way. They were not differentiated from each other. However, they should have been working in a contrast manner to differentiate the functions of those two main spaces. It was not that obvious that they were placed there for different functions. I think that it is caused by shape and angles of those shapes too. They were not representing the directions obviously. I could produce more obvious edges and angles. The other thing is that I could improve the definitions of the spaces. Because they commented that my designed was finished in that level so it was limiting me to improve it and add something more in it. I think they appreciated how I have used the extreme conditions of the spaces and the vistas. They have added that every decision should carry a reason behind of it such as proportions, shapes, scales and etc. Controlling the spaces in terms of the scenario and spatial conditions that I have created is significant and could be worked on that more.
For my drawings they commented that it would be way more better and help me more to put human figures in my drawings to understand the scale of my design.
After the critiques of the jury members, I have realized that some parts of my design should be worked again. I have decided to change the shape and the form of my two main spaces. I hope this time I can apply my strategy into my design. Because while I was working I had some struggles while I was applying my ideas in a three dimensional design.
For this week of the course I had a chance to read a little part of a book called “Poetry, Language, Thought” written by Martin Heidegger. The name of the chapter is “Poetically Man Dwells”. Martin Heidegger (1889-1976) was a very prominent German philosopher of existential philosophy. It is obvious that he is influenced by his teacher Edmund Husserl and philosophy of phenomenology on his works. He made a huge contribution to philosophy with his new notions such as “apprehension, distress, curiosity, death, fear” and etc.
In the artcicle he is trying to give and add new meanings to a phrase from a poem of Friedrich Holderlin. He is concerning the relation between the notions of poetica and dwelling. He claims that dwelling is not just about buildings but also related with poetica too. He alleges that the relation between human and world is always in alteration, almost impossible to capture in a completeness. A poetic thinker never escapes from his environent to think but he locates himself in there. He thouches upon the word “measuring”. He alleges that measuring something limited between earth and the sky, however the poetica is something between heaven and earth.
After we produced our diagrams of architectural elements in Uçhisar and Zelve Open Air Museum site, we were expected to show them in 3D model according to a composition and relevant to our diagrams of analysis. However, the point that we had to focus on is that how architectural elements serve us different functions at the same time.
In my first trial, I tried t compose different types of openings. Some of them were for to serve us visual relation, however some of them allows us to access to the other spaces. Another thing that I tried to show is that the level of enclosure of the spaces.
When I reproduce my model, I tried to find a different ways of showing those opening to gain more information. This time I showed them by putting the planes one after the others. This condition helped me to create corridor at the same time. Also, I elevated some spaces. And that elevation was creating a wall for us as well. We can call it “wallish” too.
In the previous weekend, we went to a site trip with studio to make some analysis of the sites. We had a great time in two days even though we got tired so much. Initially, we visited the Tuz Gölü area and produced some maps according to different qualities. And after that, we visited Uçhisar area. But this time we focused on the architectural elements. Again we did some sketches of the analysis and those elements. For the last day, we have visited the Zelve Open Air Museum. In that site again we focused on the architectural elements. Here are some photos of site trip down below:
As I mentioned in the previous posts, we tried to experience of the different horizntal surfaces and the experiences of them on human bodies. And then on, we tried to produce some diagrams of different variations of the situtations by changing one variable and its reactions. This time we did some researches on topography and contour lines. As far as we understood from those researches and discussions that we had in the studio hours we revised our diagrams and tried to explore how different landscapes influence our experiences. Here are some of the diagrams that we have produced down below;
In this diagram, we tried to show how different locations influence our angle of view. For instance, when we look from the pit we can observe less vista and horizon than the looking from the hill.
For this one, we tried to show effects of different landscapes of receiving light. A dwelling that positioned on a mountainside can receive lights only half of the day. However, the dwelling located on a flatter area can receive light more than the other.
For the model, we tried to show these conditions by using the sticks. The density of the sticks show the observing vista as well as the receiving light. The more dense parts show the positions that can observe most vista and receive more lights in a day. And the sparse parts show the less receiving parts.
This week I had a chance to read a book called Flatlan: A Romance of Many Dimensions written by Edwin A. Abbot, first published in 1884.
The book is thouched upon the relation between the different dimensions. The story has mostly set in 2 dimensional world which is created by the author called Flatland. Citizens of Flatland are geometrical shapes. Moreover, these geometrical shapes characterized by a certain hierarchy and they are set according to their financial situation. The shapes that have higher number of the corners have more nobility than the others. For instance, isosceles triangles are soldiers, squares are businessmen, circles are the highest level such as priests and politicians. So that, it is obvious that the book is emphasizing the discrimination of people. Futhermore, the contorversial point is the women showed with the lines. Because women in the book have the less nobility and the worse financial situation. Even though, the book is telling about the two dimensional book, it bears the traces of the real three dimensional world issues.
Another point that has arroused my attention was that the all shapes could see eachothers as a straight line. Because they live in a two dimensional world so that they could see only their one edge.
The main character and the teller of the story is a square. One night he dreams that he visits the one dimensional world caled Lineland. In Lineland, only dots and lines are living. He meets with the tells them about two dimensional world and its features. However, they dont believe him because they live in a one dimensional world so it is hard to believe in two dimensional one for them. And try to kill this strange man. So he turns back to his own world. When he turns back his hexagon grandson tells his idea about three dimensional world. He alleges that if two dimensional squares come together they can form a three dimensional cube and three dimensional world exists. However, square does not believe in him. And then, a sphere from three dimensional world visits them. The sphere tries to tell about the three dimesnional world but they dont believe him so they try to kill him. But, sphere takes square to the his own world to show him the three dimension. Square couldnt believe in his eyes. He literally loves the three dimension and doesnt want to turn back to two dimension. However, because of that two dimension starts a war against three dimension. Because of the war square needed turn back to his own world. And they lock him down to the jail. As a conclusion, he claims that the fourth dimension exists.
I think thats what the author is trying to claim. He is trying to defend that the fourth dimension exists. However, we can not experience them as three dimensions but fourth dimension can experience us. Like in the book, two dimensions can easily experience the one dimensional but one dimensions cannot experience the higher dimensions.
For the first assignment of the new semester, the instructors assigned us to visit Erimtan Archeology and Arts Museum and the surrounding area. We were expected to examine how the bodily experiences are related with the horizontal surfaces. Initially, we started it by measuring the heights of our body while standing, sitting, raising our arms, looking to the upwards and downwards and etc. And then we started our discovery with these informations. First, we realised that those art pieces were situated according to our eye level and related with their heights. Because some of them was directly at our eye level, however, some of them was situated as we can observe it by looking downwards because their own heights were bigger than the others.
The other thing that we have discovered is the orientation. We discovered that the art pieces were leading us from one point to another and the ending point was the start of a new directions. This was designed as the architect wanted us to cruise around al the art pieces.
We tried to show these informations in our model. The elevation of the units represents how we observe art pieces. For instance, the units which are composed of 15 planes shows the eye level. The lower units show that it was under eye level.
For the next step, we were expected to discover how horizontal surfaces can shape and orient human bodily experiences and how such experiences can relate to each other and such relationships can be shaped and oriented. So that, we tried to produce variations of experiments by changing one parameter. For the first couple, we changed the shape of the floor so that we could discover what changed accoring to the alter of the horizontal surfaces.
For the second group of models, we introduced 3 keywords that we had focused on. These are density, speed, duration. We discovered that the density changes according to the shape of the hoizontal surfaces. So that, we studied that the change of of the variable density effects how constants of duration and speed of movements. And then we showed speed with the height of the vertical pieces. And the closeness of the pieces shows us the duration of the movements. For instance, in the narrow horizontal surfaces, density increases. The increase of the density influences the speed and duration as well. The speed decreases and duration increases with density.