A GLOBAL HISTORY OF ARCHITECTURE

Architecture was born in our prehistory. Around 12000 BCE humans had spread most parts of the globe. So that, they started to establish new civilizations and small villages near the caves and along the shores. Because  these new settlements were especially  suitable for farming and hunting.

As a result of this civilization, they started to discover a lot of things according to their daily life needs. First of all, they tried to understand and learn the climate of their new settlements because it is the most significant information for them. Because they were spending their life by hunting and farming. And they found a way of handing down the information to the next generations.

On the other hand, they developed the specialization of the building according to their importance and purposes such as religious and communal. As a result of that, architecture gained importance and developed.

Before this developement of settlements hunter-gatherers established some centers that they could travel travel from far away. Nabta Playa is one of  the important examples of these ritual centers. This site was different than a normal Stone Age site. Because it contains a set of stones that were built according to the purpose of organizing the time of seasons.

nabta playa ile ilgili görsel sonucu

The other significant stone age site that the book thouched upon is located in Urfa in Turkey. This temple called Göbekli Tepe. Göbekli Tepe site includes several circular stone walls. the temple arises from these circular walls which contains detailed paintings of reliefs on them. And it known as the first temple of the whole world.

göbeklitepe ile ilgili görsel sonucu

Throughout the time, humans built their habitats in the mountain regions. One of the most productive of these habitats whic has been mentioned in the book is Mesopotamia. This site is located in the borders of Turkey like Göbekli Tepe. However, it differs from Göbekli Tepe in terms of the climate. Because of the difference of this climate vegetation cover and breeding differs as well. So that, farmers lived in the valley unlike the society. Throughout the time, Mesopotamia became the largest network of villages in the world around 5000 BCE. The basic building material of the buildings in Mesopotamia was timber and mud. The walls of the houses were covered with the honeycomb pattern to increase its durability. The archeologists found wild sheep skulls, at the houses, attached to the plastered walls like in the Çatal Höyük.

Çata Höyük is located in the central Anotolia, Konya. The location of Çatal Höyük is known as the oldest center of the metal trade. The site is composed of the houses with rectangular flat walls and the entrance was onf the roof. And also city did not have any streets because it was composed of the adjacent masses (houses). The windows were located in the rooftop so that daylight penetrating from those small openings.

These are the brief informations that have sticked in my mind when I read the book of Francis D. K. Ching & Vikramaditya Prakash, A Global History of Architecture.

Group Work | Collage from Diagrams

As you could see in my previous post more detailed, we were assigned to produce a diagram from a part of the movie that we have choosen. (New Semester | Diagram | Spatial Experiences). In the second stage of the assignment, as groups, we were assigned to produce a collage work from the diagrams that we have produced. Again this collage diagram should needed to hold the idea of our keyword’s. Ass01_Step2_Collage_Group2

New Semester | Diagram | Spatial Experiences

Finally new semester is started after this  long period of holiday. And also new semester has came with new studio! 🙂 Yes, we moved out to our brand new campus and of course to a brand new studio. The new studio serves utterly different experiences to us. I hope it will bring luck and success 🙂

We have started the new semester rapidly. Our new topic is “analysis o spatial experiences”. As groups of  4 members, we were given a list of movies to watch one of them and select a scene from that movie to analyse the spatial experiences. We have chosen Inception. After I watched the movie I have selected a scene which includes several different spaces which are connected with an imaginary elevator. After I analysed the scene I have decided on my keywords: Layers / Levels / Different Experiences / Broken Continuity. 

So I have produced a diagram:

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After the critique hours I have improved my diagram:

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Final Drawing | METU Preparatory School

Office Lens 20160221-1244371

Here is my final drawing assignment of Architectural Communication Techniques course above. It is an isometric drawing of METU preparatory school additional building. Before I start to drawing, I visited the campus of METU to better understand the building and analyse it with comparing with the other buildings that have been located in the campus.

Here are some photos of the Language School Preparatory building below.

First Final Jury

Final we could reach the end of our first semester. This semester assignments were all corelated with eachother. All of the assignments were the one step further of the previous ones. So that, we were responsible for our every step in the final jury. And in the last step of the assignement, we were allowed to use every operatios such as tear & fold, scale & stretch. Our instructors were expecting us to discover and use the potential of these operations. In result, I have used those operations to promote my strategy. My strategy was “integration of dense and less dense group”. 

Here are some snapshots from my final jury 🙂

Discovering Loos’ World View

After I read the Adolf Loos’ book’s chapter of “Ornament & Crime”, I found his language very strong and straightforward. He is writing his opinions just the way they are. His language is unadorned as his non-ornamented architectural works. I think it is the thing which has impressed me most about the book. Because I think I am more into the books which are more unembellished. At that moment, I decided to go over further on the book.

I read the chapter which has named “Arcitecture(1910)”. Initially, he starts his writing with thouching upon the responsibilities of architects to the environment. He points out that the products of architects should be in a rapport with the environment that that product has. He says that “Whether an architect is good or bad in his/her job, he/she should respect the holiness of a lake”. With this way, he expresses his ideas about how an architect should be. Another thing which is worth mentioning is that, he is seriously against ornament as I read at “Ornament & Crime”. The thing which has made me a little bit suprised is that he is advocating his ideas about ornament most parts of the book. In this chapter of book, he claims that ornament makes our culture destroy. Some people may claim that  ornament is the thing that makes our culture pernament. They have points to think like that. Because the only objects that have survived from the past to present are the ones with lot of ornament. Whereas, there is a point that is unnoticed. They have ramained because they were out of functionality, because they were so fancy. So that, they were not wear off to melt away. That’s why they have survived to present. Loos evaluate this by saying “missunderstanding the past and the culture”.

Another noteworthy thing is that he alleges that graphical arts and architecture are contrast and very different from eachother. In other words, in those days the most well-paid architects were the ones whose projects were nice looking on the paper, not the ones who were good at building. Nevertheless, Loos points out that a good architect might be bad at thecnical sketching and in contrast, a bad architect can be a good sketcher. I think that was the thing which is surprising that I have just learned and stayed in my mind. He supports that a product cannot be succesful at  branch at the same time. For instance, a novel cannot be a succesfull one in terms of both theatre and novel categories. It is same with the condition of graphical arts and architectural works.

These were the things that has made me think and realize some points that I was ot aware of. Shall I recommend this book to new architects? Yes, I would. Because of his simple and straightforward language and also the world view of Adolf Loos. I think he made me gained a different look to the architecture. Next plan: Read the whole book!

 

First Orthographic Projection Experience

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     This week we learned something brand new for us which is called “Orthographic Projection”. Firstly, in the lecture I thought I understood everything about orthgraphic projection. However, whe it was time to draw, everything started to be complicated for me. And another tough part was about our object. Our object was can opener!  It was the first time that I saw that object in my whole life! Morever, it was the single object in the studio that everyone tried to measure to draw! Yet, in the end result has satisfied me and I think I have learned it well even after those difficult hours.

 

Ornament & Crime

This week of the Intorduction to Architecture course we assigned to read the Adolf Loos’ book’s one chapter which is called “Ornament and Crime”. Adolf Loos is a functionalist architect which is obviously recognizable in the book. He specificly give importance to functions of the buildings and the daily life items. And thats the reason of he is against using ornament because he thinks that using ornament makes an item less usefull and makes it out of trend more fast. On the other hand Loos see ornament as a waste of time and craftsmanship. Because he supports this idea by giving an example that a labour who spends his 20 hour while making a shoe with lots of ornament and for good craftsmanship. Whereas, a labour who is making a non-ornament shoe spends his only 8 hour. But unfortunately both labourers earnes equal money. That why he thinks ornament is a waste of time and energy.
He does not want to identify the non-ornament objects as cheap ones. Even though his products does not have any ornament they are expensive enough because of their funcionalities. So that, he is not against luxury.
He is making a strong argument that  ornament is not our cultures natural product but a corruption which is so visable. As you can understand from the title, he is makimg strong and brave arguments while advocating his ideas.